In recent years, we have seen a significant increase in interest in the effects of irradiation used for analytical purposes on art, archaeological, palaeontological and palaeoenvironmental samples and objects. Among the main trends regarding ionising radiations used in X-ray, UV and ion beam experiments, we have observed a greater consistency in the description of the effects of irradiation, a number of quantitative studies, while several works studied in depth the corresponding chemical mechanisms and kinetics. We have also observed the development of analytical strategies and dedicated instruments to better detect and limit the effects of irradiation in real experiments on ancient samples and objects. Emerging trends include detailed mechanistic studies on specific systems, the development of statistical methods to reduce the doses required to study samples, and the development of early warning systems capable of feeding back into the experiment while an acquisition is in progress.