The Cultural Heritage Agency of the Netherlands (RCE), www.cultureelerfgoed.nl, is an institute for the preservation and management of cultural heritage. The area of interest involves monuments and historical buildings, archaeology, natural landscapes and movable heritage, i.e. collections. The headquarters are located in Amersfoort and there are units located in Amsterdam (Scientific department) and Rijswijk (Collection). RCE is part of the Ministry of Education, Culture, and Science and has a permanent staff of about 300 persons plus c. 100 persons acting as contract researchers, Master and Ph.D. students etc. The RCE has developed many studies of art historical objects and precious artworks, including paintings by Van Gogh, Rembrandt, Mondrian and many others. The research department currently has a strong focus on modern materials and objects, from 1870 till present. The Amsterdam labs are organised along the lines of general conservation issues, such as evaluation and development of treatment methodologies, analytical and documentation technologies and strategies, risk assessment and preventive conservation, conservation of modern and contemporary art and materials, analysis and technologies of paintings, conservation strategies for paper and archival collections etc. The Amersfoort lab is aimed more at the fields of archaeology, heritage and built heritage. The lab has reference collections for archaeobotanical, archaeozoological archaeological and micromorphological research. RCE participated in the past in European projects, such as FingArtPrint, POPART, BACPOLES, MOSS, MACHU, Wreckprotect, EPISCON, Eu-ARTECH and CHARISMA. In addition, RCE is strongly involved in the Joint Programme Initiative on CH (JPI-CH).